Research Programs

My research applies evolutionary principles to understand human and animal behaviour. It spans several core topics within the discipline of psychology (including personality, cognition, social psychology, and comparative cognition), combining the robust methodology of psychology with the theoretical rigour of behavioural ecology. Click on the images below to find out more about each of my programs of research.

Funded Projects

This page is still under construction... I'll get back to it soon.

Student Projects


4. Dr. Melinda Williams (2023). Female Intrasexual Competition: Self-promotion, Social Media, Sabotage and Spending. (Primary Supervisor)

3. Dr. Jacob Dye (2020). Affective and cognitive responses to emotive stimuli in people with varying levels of non-clinical psychopathy. (Associate Supervisor)

2. Dr. Danielle Wagstaff (2016). An exploration of individual differences in human mating preferences and competitive tactics. (Associate Supervisor)

1. Dr Kathryn Haythorpe. (2014). Competitive Behaviour in Common Mynas (Sturnus tristis): An investigation into potential impacts on native fauna. (Primary Supervisor)


1. Sach, S. (2018). Don't feed the narcissist: parent and teacher praise varies with child self-esteem.

2. Ensor, M. (2016). Female same sex comparisons: Effects of make-up and attractiveness on facial and body image, mate value, and eating disorders.

Honours | 4th Year Undergraduate

84. Kovari, B. (2023). In progress.

83. Serafin, J. (2023). In progress.

82. Warfield, A. (2023). In progress.

81. Alexander, E. (2023). In progress.

80. Stevens, J. (2021). Do attachment style and gender influence perceptions of sexual coercion and consent within long-term intimate partner relationships?

79. Braithwaite, E. (2021). Psychopathy and the Inner and Outer Face.

78. Davis. C. (2021). Are higher levels of hostility, instrumental aggression, and fearlessness, potential markers of a psychopathic disposition in a non-clinical population sample?

77. Cobcroft, E. (2021). Social rules and friendships: Do psychopaths have different understandings?

76. Elias, N. (2021). Facial asymmetry and dark personalities: The relationship between facial
morphology, personality traits, and subjective impressions.

75. Morgan, B. (2021). Facial asymmetry and dark personalities: The relationships between facial morphology, personality traits and subjective impressions.

74. Boyd, H. (2021). Can you see who I am? Identifying self-report psychopathy through facial features.

73. Krajovski, N. (2021). Facial morphology and psychopathy. Could asymmetry be the cue?

72. Woods, A. (2021). Do police officers perceive psychopathy in faces differently to other people?

71. Judge, M. (2021). Psychopathy and Culpability: Are psychopaths fully functioning adults who commit moral and legal transgressions with full awareness of the ‘wrongness’ of their actions?

70. Wijeratne, I. (2021). The predictive utility of moral understanding on psychopathy scores.

69. Fletcher, L. (2020). Do the patterns of asymmetry which correlate with self-reported psychopathy in a sub-clinical sample, also differentiate psychopathic from non-psychopathic murderers?

68. Yarham, T. (2020). I see what you did there: exploring the relationship between facial fluctuating asymmetry and psychopathy in murderers and non-murderers.

67. Malamanova, D. (2020). Psychopath’s Face: are judgements of trustworthiness and aggressiveness of male and female individuals with self-reported psychopathy linked to their facial morphology and influenced by observer’s characteristics?

66. Bredin, S. (2019). A hirsute pursuit: what individual differences in women determine their preferences for bearded and masculine men?

65. Brightwell, J. (2019). Can murderers be physically identified? Assessing differences in
facial morphology between psychopathic and non-psychopathic offenders.

64. Evans, L. (2019). Fearful Symmetry: The Relationship Between Facial Asymmetry,
Primary and Secondary Psychopathy in a Subclinical Population.

63. Baker. M. (2019). Asymmetry in the Faces of Murderers and Dark Triad Individuals.

62. Mills, J. (2019) Have We Met? The familiarity, distinctiveness, and memorability of the
faces of individuals high in Psychopathy.

61. McGuire, R. (2019). The Deceptive Nature of Symmetry: Psychopathy’s relationship with Facial Morphology and Subjective Impressions.

60. O'Donnell, S. (2018). Exploring the effect of financial uncertainty and childhood environment on cognition.

59. van Eldik, R. (2018). Early life adversity and the impact on parenting self-efficacy beliefs: a life history strategy perspective.

58. Roberts, K. (2018). The effects of facial asymmetry on attractiveness judgements and self-report mate value.

57. O'Malley, N. (2018). Does sex or relationship status influence human preferences for facial asymmetry?

56. Spearman, P. (2018). Facial asymmetry: are there two sides to every life story?

55. Ward, B. (2018). The effect of regional facial symmetry levels on attractiveness and trustworthiness ratings.

54. Burrey, T. (2018). Patterns of asymmetry in the faces of dark triad individuals.

53. Bogdanov, B. (2018). The effect of cross-race morphology on ratings of masculinity/femininity and attractiveness.

52. Wilkinson, M. (2018). Why Do We Ssssee What We See? The Influence of Context and
Stimulus Features on the Rapid Detection of Snakes.

51. Wilkinson, S. (2018). Does the wet look suit me? The influence of context on the detection fear-relevant stimuli.

50. Chatzimike, M. (2018). Understanding Criminal Decision-Making: Links Between Honesty- Humility, Perceived Risk and Negative Affect.

49. Hill, D. (2018). Political orientation and cognitive deliberation: A dual processing account of moral judgement and consumer preference.

47. Cashman, A. (2018). Modern Health Worries, Health Information Seeking and Gluten
Avoidance: an exploratory examination.

46. Morris, C. (2017). Do magno-parvo responses to emotional stimuli differ as a function of self-reported anxiety levels?

45. Jackson, M. (2017). Modern visual processing for survival: the significance of emotion in search tasks.

44. Butler, K. (2017). Motion and emotion in threat detection.

43. Bowdren, P. (2017). The influence of perceived threat on perceptions of chromaticity and luminance.

42. Egan, M. (2017). The effect of facial expressions on magnocellular and parvocellular sensitivity.

41. Griffith, K. (2017). What are you looking at? Investigating the interaction of facial expression, eye-gaze and the detection of threat.

40. Tanveer, R. (2017). Do we prefer an attractive or a resourceful partner?

39. Hartley, S. (2017). Politics and morality: conflicting intuitions and emotion.

38. Barling-Day, L. (2017). Adaptation or Artefact? Cerebral lateralization, cognition, and
developmental stress.

37. Cugati, M. (2017). Pathogen prevalence and perceptions of attractiveness: reliance on
facial versus bodily cues.

36. Lynch, D. (2016). Fluctuating asymmetry, sexual dimorphism, and symmetry: influences on perceived health, masculinity, and femininity.

35. Worboys, E. (2016). Read my face: the effects of different patterns of facial fluctuating asymmetry on judgements of masculinity, femininity, and gender typical behavioural traits.

34. Marsh, A. (2016). Two sides of the same face: fluctuating asymmetry, communicative laterality, and judgements of interpersonal traits associated with psychopathy.

33. Enriquez, A. (2016). An evolutionary investigation into mate-choice: preferences for physical similarity and the attributes of a short-term and long-term mate.

32. Schenscher, S. (2016). Sex and the effect of perceived animal threat on response time and caution.

31. van Heyst, G. (2015). Sex differences in the weapons effect: differential effects of priming on attentional biases.

30. Stringer, E. (2015). Are women seduced by beauty products to attract mates and compete with same-sex rivals?

29. Hughes, D. (2015). Are same-sex oriented males perceived as intra-sexual competitors? An evolutionary account of sexual prejudice.

28. Farrugia, M. (2015). Detection and evaluation of facial affect in sub-clinical psychopathic females.

27. Rheinberger, D. (2015). It's either you or me: How psychopathy and empathy moderate helping behaviour.

26. Dye, J. (2015). Oh what a tangled web we weave: psychopathy, intelligence and empathy.

25. Burton, J. (2014). Non-dominant laterality: nature's predator.

24. Ryan, K. (2014). Effects of facial symmetry on attractiveness and trustworthiness ratings.

23. Dannatt, S. (2014). Influences of the pattern of lateralisation for the appraisal of the sincerity of facial expressions.

22. Williams, M. (2014). Long-term mate selection: how mate value affects the type of compromises made.

21. Kolbe, J. (2014). Spotting danger: Psychopathy, emotional reactions and response times.

20. Hill, E. (2013). Differing sensitivities in perception of masculinity and femininity.

19. Lane, D. (2013). There's just no reasoning with conservatives! Reasoning, intuition and political orientation.

18. Schlesinger, A. (2013). Outlines of a new will: Can reframing the scientific position on free will help alleviate negative outcomes?

17. Morely, E. (2013). Exploring cognitive frameworks for relationships of different sexual orientations.

16. Guzelian, R. (2013). Successful psychopaths? An examination of the relationship between psychopathic traits and entrepreneurship.

15. Katsikaros, S. (2013). Judging attractiveness: differences between same-sex and opposite-sex preferences in judgements of attractiveness.

14. Williams, N. (2013). Assessing psychopathy in the general population.

13. Dadabai, S. (2013). Self-report to identify psychopathy and its association with moral disgust, anxiety and fear in a non-forensic population.

12. Miller, L. (2013). The real you: the hidden psychopaths in society.

11. Hermans, S. (2013). Can we use cognitive tests and questions focused on working memory deficits to evaluate an individual's psychopathic tendencies with the same accuracy as offered by self-report measures?

10. Macgregor, P. (2013). Four psychopaths: identify psychopaths in the general population through identified cognitive, social, and emotional learning deficits.

9. Hildebrandt, M. (2013). Identifying psychopathy in the general population: a new diagnostic tool.

8. Medlock, J. (2013). An exploratory study of the use of low-face-validity tasks and aptitude based tests to evaluate psychopathic tendencies.

7. Johnson, L. (2013). Identifying psychopathy in the general population.

6. Love, H. (2012). Ambivalence toward meat and fat: A conflict between evolutionary legacy and modern attitudes.

5. Russell, R. (2012). A cross-cultural look at the evolution of sexually dimorphic human faces.

4. Iannelli, T. (2012). The effect of sexual orientation on assessing facial attractiveness.

3. Otway, R. (2012). The role of cognitive and emotional components of human visual attention when identifying potential threats.

2. Campbell, M. (2011). Are separable cognitive mechanisms involved in different types of temporarily induced social and non-social anxiety?

1. Penney, A. (2011). Pro-environmental behaviour: Predictions from an evolutionary perspective.